题目描述
Given a maze, find a shortest path from start to goal.
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In how many ways can you tile a 3xn rectangle with 2x1 dominoes?
Here is a sample tiling of a 3x12 rectangle.
A tug of war is to be arranged at the local office picnic. For the tug of war, the picnickers must be divided into two teams. Each person must be on one team or the other; the number of people on the two teams must not differ by more than 1; the total weight of the people on each team should be as nearly equal as possible.
The first line of input contains n the number of people at the picnic. n lines follow. The first line gives the weight of person 1; the second the weight of person 2; and so on. Each weight is an integer between 1 and 450. There are at most 100 people at the picnic.
Your output will be a single line containing 2 numbers: the total weight of the people on one team, and the total weight of the people on the other team. If these numbers differ, give the lesser first.
We all understand that an integer set is a collection of distinct integers. Now the question is: given an integer set, can you find all its addtive equations? To explain what an additive equation is, let’s look at the following examples:
1+2=3 is an additive equation of the set {1,2,3}, since all the numbers that are summed up in the left-hand-side of the equation, namely 1 and 2, belong to the same set as their sum 3 does. We consider 1+2=3 and 2+1=3 the same equation, and will always output the numbers on the left-hand-side of the equation in ascending order. Therefore in this example, it is claimed that the set {1,2,3} has an unique additive equation 1+2=3.
It is not guaranteed that any integer set has its only additive equation. For example, the set {1,2,5} has no addtive equation and the set {1,2,3,5,6} has more than one additive equations such as 1+2=3, 1+2+3=6, etc. When the number of integers in a set gets large, it will eventually become impossible to find all the additive equations from the top of our minds – unless you are John von Neumann maybe. So we need you to program the computer to solve this problem.